Before the arrival of the Spaniards to this territory, the north of Caldas was inhabited by indigenous tribes such as the Concuyes with its bright golden outfits, the children and the Carrapas They are covering part of the northern and central, like the wells Y Paucuras who settled in the vicinity of rivers with their same names.

In the sixteenth century the Spanish Mariscal Jorge Robledo transited through these lands, contacted some of these tribes in the foothills of the river Pozo as part of the Spanish conquest, It is Caciques Pimarucua y Titirama los primeros de estos indígenas con los que tuvo un acercamiento, when Robledo is seriously injured, the conquerors declared war against Aboriginal people.

The above facts plowed the way for the famous Antiochian colonization throughout northern Caldas, led by Fermín López along with Francisco Velásquez, Juan de Dios Aranzazu and other, Salamina being the epicenter of this colonization process, because there they moved in other directions leading to the founding of Aranzazu, Neira, Pereira, Manizales entre otros, hence the title of Mother of Towns that is granted to the beautiful village salamineño.

Although Salamis began to emerge from 1800, it was not until 8 de Junio de 1825 que fue legalmente establecida como municipio, the name was chosen by Juan José Ospina Alvarez, it means paz in Greek language - Eastern, está inspirado en la isla griega con el mismo nombre que se constituyó después de la famosa Guerra de Troya, in which the epic battle of Salamis where the Greek army defeated the Persian fleet was fought, restoring the maritime domain of Athens and Thessaloniki Gulf Island Year 480 A.C..

In 1860 the construction of the Temple of the Inmaculada Concepción began, with a strong Roman style, It has a tower that mimics the Solomonic Temple, carved wood and decorated with beautiful stained glass windows inside, its bell was made with jewels, monedas de oro y metales donados por los pobladores; en el año 2012 It was declared Basílica Menor.

Over the years, This picturesque village has been awarded many titles, in addition to the mother of towns, for example la Ciudad Luz because of her great poets emerged, writers and craftsmen, Cradle of Coffee Cultural Landscape, al igual que:

  • In 1982 It was declared National Monument, por conservar su arquitectura del siglo XIX y muchos de sus platos típicos.
  • In 2005 It is named Of Cultural Interest of National Character by the historical and architectural richness for the Colombian people.
  • In 2011 It was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its beautiful coffee landscapes.
  • In 2012 It became part of the Red de Pueblos Patrimonios de Colombia for being considered an architectural jewel of the Antiochian history in Colombia.

Today, almost 200 years after its official birth, the town of Salamina kept in perfect condition typical houses of colonization paisa, with Spanish tile roofs style, Neoclassical carved wooden balconies and wrought iron, with wide doorways and windows accentuated curvature kneeling, making this city a worthy spectacle to admire colonial.

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